COVID-19 has become an ongoing concern as the pandemic appears to be evolving and gaining steam as opposed to abating. This is raising numerous questions and debates in the medical and scientific worlds as well as among society as a whole. In response to this development, Dr. Jonathan Kenigson has used his knowledge and expertise to address some of the controversy surrounding the spread of the virus. Working in conjunction with researchers at Athanasian Hall in Cambridge, England, Kenigson has determined that when it comes to — COVID, Quantum Scattering theory applies.
"The scattering of quanta, whether they be viruses, electrons, rubber balls, or quarks, all obey statistical laws," explains Kenigson, a research mathematician who focuses on the properties of black holes. "Typically, the process of the propagation of a viral pathogen very approximately obeys a complex system of differential equations, that is, equations that explain the rate of change of the virus’s progress through a given population."
Perhaps the primary concern surrounding COVID-19 is understanding people's risks of becoming infected with the virus. According to Kenigson's research regarding COVID, Quantum Scattering could provide definitive answers. Quantum Scattering pertains to the dispersion of waves and particles. The theory can aid in determining the spread of the virus based on a range of factors with the virus itself being the particles in question.
Kenigson points out, "The population-wide models, including MSEIR, SEIR, MSEIRS, Neural Network models, and others that speak about population-scale viral propagation, cannot address people's risks of being infected with COVID and are not designed to. Wells-Riley Theory applies the methods of fluid dynamics and quantum scattering of viral particles to the infection probability in a given space. It has numerous limitations, the first of which is that it does not take the geometry of the container, or room, into account, merely its volume. A robust quantum scattering approach would possibly permit the inclusion of container geometry."
During his research, Kenigson and Athanasian Hall researchers have proven that masks and their filtration efficiency factor significantly into Wells - Riley Theory when calculating the spread of the virus. Social distancing and proper room ventilation also decrease the probability of infection by dispersing the virus before it is inhaled. This further establishes that with COVID, Quantum Scattering can aid in predicting the spread of the virus.
Kenigson also notes, "Vaccines decrease the susceptible population in a given environment and likely have a nonlinear effect on global transmission. Vaccination is key in preventing transmission. A 50 percent increase in vaccination will likely produce more than a 50 percent decrease in serious illness caused by transmission."
Kenigson goes on to say, "Finally, and perhaps counterintuitively, viral transmission rates are influenced by the breathing patterns of people in a room. The more anxious, hyperventilating breathing patterns seem to eject more quanta, or virus-carrying particles. Calm, steady breathing will deposit fewer viral quanta and lead to less forceful deflection, decreasing transmission probability as predicted by Wells-Riley Theory."
About Athanasian Hall, Cambridge:
Athanasian Hall is an interdisciplinary research institute devoted to the study of pure sciences from a classical perspective. Faculty include philosophers of science, mathematicians, physicists, and cosmologists.
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